JEO: Journal Articles

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  • Publication
    Chemical Composition and Physico-ChemicalProperties of Chinese Water Chestnut(Eleocharisdulcis Trin.) Flour
    (Chulalongkorn University Printing House, 2008) ;
    University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce. Journal Editorial Office
    Chinese water chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis Trin.) is one of the most popular ingredientsof various Asian cuisines. It is traditionally used as peeled corms. However, the flourprepared from the corms also finds its applications in some Chinese dishes. The objectiveof this study was to investigate the chemical compositions and some physicochemicalproperties of Chinese water chestnut flour. The flour samples of different particle sizes(60-, 80- and 100-mesh) were investigated for their microscopic structure, pH, color(CIE L* a* and b*), swelling power and water solubility. The thermodynamic properties ofthe flour samples were monitored using a Differential Scanning Calorimeter. The flour pastingbehavior was investigated using a Rapid Visco Analyzer (RVA) and, finally, the productionyield of the flour was calculated. It was found that Chinese water chestnut flour sampleswere high in amylose, especially the 100-mesh sample (32.75% amylose). The ScanningElectron Microscopy (SEM) showed that the flour sample with larger particle size wasmore likely to attach and form clusters when compared to that of smaller particle size.The pH values of Chinese water chestnut flour samples were in the range of 5.62-5.66.Chinese water chestnut flour was light yellow while the flour with larger particle size hadlower L* value than that with smaller particle size. Swelling power and water solubility of theflour samples increased with increasing temperature. Moreover, the flour sample with higherstarch content required more energy for gelatinization than that with lower starch content.The 60-mesh flour produced a gel with higher stability upon cooling than the 80- and 100-mesh samples, respectively. The production yield of Chinese water chestnut flour was65.41% on a dry weight basis.
      30  679
  • Publication
    Interesting Issues Relating to the Succession inLien of the Heirs Disinherited by the de cujusbefore the Death of the de cujus and theSuccession in Lien of the Heirs Excluded fromthe Succession after the Death of the de cujus
    (Chulalongkorn University Printing House, 2008) ;
    University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce. Journal Editorial Office
    When a person dies, his estate devolves on the heirs by statutory rights, called çstatutoryheirsé, or on the heirs who are entitled by will, called çlegateesé, as the case may be. Butif such heirs behave in an unworthy way vis-a$-vis the de cujus, and are still entitled tothe succession, it would appear to be unjust. Hence, the stipulations of the law thatsuch heirs shall be disinherited ipso jure on account of their unworthy behaviorsvis-a$-vis the de cujus, by being excluded from the succession under two circumstances,i.e. exclusion from the succession for having diverted or concealed the property or forunworthy behaviors vis-a$-vis the de cujus. The exclusion from the succession could occurboth before and after the death of the de cujus. If the exclusion from the successionoccurs before the death of the de cujus, there are provisions of the law that entitle thesuccession in lien of such heirs by the çdescendenté of the excluded heirs. But if theexclusion from the succession occurs after the death of the de cujus, the çdescendentéof the excluded heirs could also succeed by their right of succession in lien of theexcluded heirs. In the view of the author, there could be a problem of interpretation ofthe law if it is asserted that the çdescendenté of the excluded heirs could succeed bytheir right of succession in lien of the excluded heirs.
      10  176
  • Publication
    Application of the Culture of Thai Literary Art: A Teaching Strategy for Creative Writing
    (Chulalongkorn University Printing House, 2008) ;
    University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce. Journal Editorial Office
    This paper aims to demonstrate the use of traditional poetry in teaching creative writing.To attract new generation studentsû interest in the beauty of poetic language, as well as toenable them to write creatively, teachers may make use of some traditional forms of poetryfrom Thai literary art and apply them to todayûs social context. The use of Phamee(a poetic riddle) and Klon Nirat (a traveling poem) as teaching media are the strategiesthat make the convention of poetic writing relevant to contemporary contents.
      4  190
  • Publication
    An Input-Output Table of the Cluster of Provincesin the Mid-South of Thailand
    (Chulalongkorn University Printing House, 2008) ;
    University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce. Journal Editorial Office
    In this research, I/O tables for a cluster of provinces in Thailandûs mid-south have beencomposed to analyze the economy for the five provinces of Satun, Phattalung, Trang,Nakornsrithamarat and Songkhla. The tables can be classified into two ways, namely anI/O table of 58 input activities for provinces, and of 16 input activities for the cluster ofprovinces. These tables can be used to analyze the structure of the input within theseprovinces, import items and distribution to other provinces, including the industrialpotential of each province. The I/O tables show the structure of output uses that determinessources, value and flow of goods produced in one province that become an input andgoods consumed in the other provinces. Ultimately, analysis can be made of the industrialpotential in the cluster of provinces in Thailandûs mid-south. Thus the tables can show theamount of output dependency and trade relationships between the provinces. From theresearch, it was concluded that the economic viability of the five clustered provinceswould be enhanced if they co-operate more closely on becoming self-sufficient, and reducetheir dependency on imports.
      10  56
  • Publication
    University Ranking: A Study of Criteria
    (Chulalongkorn University Printing House, 2008)
    ;
    ;
    University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce. Journal Editorial Office
    A study on çUniversity Ranking: A Study of Criteriaé sponsored by the Association ofPrivate Higher Education Institutions of Thailand (APHEIT) was conducted to: 1) examinethe forms/methods and criteria used by six organizations in five countries in rankingthe universities in their countries, and 2) find some guidelines to rank universities inThailand or for Thai universities to prepare themselves to enter the ranking processcarried out by foreign organizations. The data sources were documents, publicationsand research studies related to appraisal and ranking of universities in Thailand andabroad by the six afore-mentioned organizations. Also, in-depth interviews were conductedto collect data from three target groups, namely, administrators of the national educationpolicy, university administrators and those studying and following the ranking of worldleading universities. Content analysis was made to describe the data. The findings weresummed up as follows: Thailand should begin with ranking universities in Thailand byan independent organization (public or private) to avoid bias. Individual universities as awhole, and individual disciplines should be ranked independently because each universityhas different strengths and potentials. Although the forms/methods and indicators usedby the foreign organizations can be adopted to rank universities in Thailand, they should beadapted to suit the Thai educational context. The government, universities and relatedagencies must be convinced of the importance of ranking universities in Thailand. All universities should cooperate and accept the results of the appraisal so that highereducation can be developed to reach global standards.
      1  32