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Title: Fundamental performance of diskshaped magnetohydrodynamics accelerator
Authors: Takeshita, S. 
Buttapeng, C. 
Furuya, S. 
Harada, N. 
Keywords: Air plasma;Diskshaped;Magnetohydrodynamics;Numerical simulation;Space propulsion
Publisher: Scopus
University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce
Source: S. Takeshita, C. Buttapeng, S. Furuya, N. Harada Fundamental performance of diskshaped magnetohydrodynamics accelerator. Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences Vol.54 No.183, 1-6.
Journal: Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences 
Abstract: This paper investigates the acceleration performance of a diskshaped magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) accelerator. Quasi1dimensional (Q1D) numerical simulation employing the MacCormack scheme was developed. For the longer channel length of 0.9 m, thermal loss was estimated at over 60% and effective acceleration could not be achieved owing to large heat loss and large friction loss. For shorter channel lengths, thermal loss can be reduced below 20% owing to the smaller heat and the frictionlosses. However, with too short a channel length, accelerator performance was decreased by the MHD compression due to excessive Faraday current density. The effect of ratio of cross sectional area on performance was also studied. For a larger area ratio, the gas can be accelerated smoothly throughout the MHD channel. However, for the excessive expansion case of a sevenfold channel, gas velocity near the exit decreased due to transition to a "generator mode". For the best accelerationperformance, the design channel length should be as short as possible preventing compression at the channel inlet. The area ratio should be large enough to prevent the compression but not too large, to prevent transition to a "generator mode".
Rights: This work is protected by copyright. Reproduction or distribution of the work in any format is prohibited without written permission of the copyright owner.
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