Browsing by Subject "Child development -- Thailand"
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- PublicationImpacts of Early Childhood Investment on Child Development : An Evidence from Rural Thailand(University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce, 2020)
;University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce. International CollegeThis study estimates a production function of human capital at the early stage using various classes of inputs, including prior child's skills, parental material and time investments, household wealth, and an early childhood education intervention using data from the RIECE Thailand project. The first part of this study focuses only on the short-term impact of an early childhood education intervention. The results, based on an instrumental variable approach, show that an early childhood education intervention in rural Thailand has a significant short-term impact on child development, including gross motor, fine motor, expressive language, and personal and social skills. A reduced-form estimation using the randomization of additional teachers as a key explanatory variable, gives similar but smaller estimates relative to the one that uses the randomization as an instrument. The results are robust to various estimation methods, child development measures, and sample selections. In addition, we found that the impact of the new curriculum is quite homogeneous across sub-groups except in some dimensions, notably parental absence, main caregiver's working memory, mother's age, and teacher's job status. The second part extends the first one by estimating a production function of child development with more classes of inputs, including prior child's skills, parental material and time investments, and household wealth at the baseline. The results indicate that the new curriculum still has a significant impact on child development in all five domains while an increase of material and time investment boosts child development on expressive language domain only. The stock of child's skill at the baseline and household wealth have no significant impact on later developmental outcomes of the child. The results are robust to various estimation methods, child development measures, and sample selections. 74 333
- PublicationThe Economics of parenting style and child development : evidence from rural ThailandThis dissertation investigates the determinants of parenting style and the bidirectional relationship between parenting style and child outcomes in the context of rural Thailand in two parts. The first part examines the socioeconomic determinants of parenting style in the context of a developing country using early childhood panel data from rural Thailand. Our key findings are that more patient caregivers tend to be more authoritative than authoritarian, caregivers are more likely to be authoritative than authoritarian when they observe better behavior from their children, and caregivers exhibit more authoritarian than authoritative parenting if they perceive the community to be more dangerous. We also find that families with fewer resources, proxied by wealth, marital status, and parental absence, are more likely to be authoritarian. The second part focuses on the role of parenting style in child development. Our findings reveal that more authoritative relative to authoritarian parenting is positively associated with self-regulation and behavioral skills in children. These findings persisted when the relationship was estimated by considering community risk as an IV for parenting style. Relating cognitive skills, authoritative relative to authoritarian parenting is found to be positively associated with working memory. We also find that wealth and the caregiver's education were positively associated with the child's working memory. Moreover, while wealth promoted the positive impact of authoritative versus authoritarian parenting on child behavioral skills and working memory, the caregiver's education was insignificant for the former and achieved the opposite for the latter skill